Vikramshila Gangetic Dolphin Sanctuary: Bihar’s Aquatic Treasures

Nestled along the pristine banks of the Ganges River, the Vikramshila Gangetic Dolphin Sanctuary stands as a testament to India’s commitment to preserving its rich biodiversity. This sanctuary, named after the ancient Vikramshila University Ruins, is a haven for the endangered Gangetic dolphins and a thriving ecosystem of aquatic life.

Location and Geography

Situated in the Bhagalpur district of Bihar, India, the sanctuary spans approximately 50 kilometers along the Ganges River. Its geographical features include meandering river channels, shallow sandbanks, and lush greenery along the riverbanks. This unique setting provides a suitable habitat for the Gangetic dolphins.


The Vikramshila Gangetic Dolphin Sanctuary boasts a remarkable variety of aquatic species. However, its most celebrated residents are the Gangetic dolphins (Platanista gangetica). These freshwater dolphins are an iconic species in the Ganges and are revered in Indian culture. In addition to dolphins, the sanctuary is home to several species of fish, turtles, and waterfowl.

Dolphin Safari at Vikramshila - Wildlife Adventure

Conservation Efforts

To safeguard the sanctuary’s unique ecosystem, extensive conservation efforts have been put in place. Local communities, along with government agencies, play a pivotal role in protecting this vital habitat. Measures include the establishment of sanctuaries, awareness campaigns, and regulations against activities harmful to the environment.

Visitor Information

How to Reach Vikramshila Gangetic Dolphin Sanctuary

Reaching the sanctuary is relatively straightforward. It can be accessed by road from Bhagalpur, which is well-connected to major cities in Bihar. The nearest railway station is Bhagalpur Junction, and the nearest airport is Patna Airport.

Best Time to Visit

The best time to explore the sanctuary is during the winter months (October to February) when the weather is pleasant, and the dolphins are more active. Avoid the monsoon season as the water level can rise significantly.

Exploring the Sanctuary

Visitors to Vikramshila Gangetic Dolphin Sanctuary can partake in various activities. Boating is a popular choice, allowing you to spot dolphins and enjoy the scenic beauty of the Ganges. Guided tours are available, providing insights into the sanctuary’s ecology. Don’t forget your camera to capture the stunning landscapes and aquatic life.

Ecosystem of Vikramshila Gangetic Dolphin Sanctuary - Harmony

Research and Education

The sanctuary is not only a haven for wildlife but also a hub for research and education. Numerous scientific studies are conducted here to understand the Gangetic dolphins and their ecosystem better. Educational programs are organized to raise awareness about the importance of conservation.

Challenges and Threats

Despite conservation efforts, the sanctuary faces challenges such as water pollution, habitat destruction, and poaching. Collaborative actions are required to mitigate these threats and ensure the sanctuary’s long-term survival.

Aquatic Wildlife at Vikramshila Gangetic Dolphin Sanctuary

Nearby Attractions to Explore

In addition to exploring the wonders of the Vikramshila Gangetic Dolphin Sanctuary, visitors have the opportunity to discover nearby attractions that enrich their travel experience. Just a short drive away, you can explore the historic ruins of the ancient Vikramshila University, known for its rich cultural heritage. Bhagalpur, the nearest city, offers a glimpse into local life with bustling markets, temples, and vibrant festivals. Nature enthusiasts can also venture to the lush Bhagalpur Jungle, teeming with flora and fauna. Whether you’re interested in history, culture, or the natural world, this region has something to captivate every traveler’s heart.


The Vikramshila Gangetic Dolphin Sanctuary is a testament to India’s commitment to preserving its natural heritage. By visiting this sanctuary, you not only witness the beauty of the Ganges but also contribute to the conservation of the majestic Gangetic dolphins. Let’s join hands to protect this aquatic treasure for generations to come.


Are Gangetic dolphins endangered?

Yes, Gangetic dolphins are classified as endangered due to habitat loss and pollution.

Can I take a boat tour in the sanctuary?

Yes, boat tours are available for visitors to explore the sanctuary.

What measures are taken to protect the dolphins?

Conservation measures include habitat preservation and awareness campaigns.

Is photography allowed in the sanctuary?

Yes, photography is allowed, so don’t forget your camera.

How can I contribute to the sanctuary’s conservation efforts?

You can contribute by supporting local conservation initiatives and spreading awareness about the sanctuary’s importance.

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